St Phillip – As Provider of loaves and fishes in the feeding of the 5,000 his Attribute is often bread – Preacher -also to Greek community – brother of female preacher Mariamne – Died in Hierapolis – crucified upside down or beheaded
St Thomas – Famous for having doubts about Christ’s resurrection but the tables were turned when he claimed to have seen the assumption into heaven of the Virgin Mary and receiving her girdle. – Preacher -got as far as Madras in India – died whilst in prayer on a hill in Mylapur
St James the greater – Patron saint of Spain – although no proof that he got there whilst alive his relics are to be seen in Santiago de Compestela – Attributes of Pilgrimage – staff and scallop shells
St Peter – preacher and keeper of the keys – attribute Keys – Died in Rome AD64 crucified upside down on the orders of Emperor Nero – his remains are traditionally held to be buried under St Peter’s Basilica.
Caravaggio’s vision of St Peter being bound to the cross having declared himself “unworthy” to be crucified in the same way as Jesus Christ
Judas – Betrayed Jesus with a kiss for 30 pieces of silver – Attribute money bags and in early Renaissance’s paintings distinguishable as clothes in yellow- committed suicide in Jerusalem – hung himself on a Judas Tree in the fullers field.
St John – Preacher and probably Evangelist writer of the Gospel of St John and the book of Revelations – Attribute as Evangelist is an Eagle – the only one of the disciples who was definitely not martyred although the Roman Emperor Domitian did try to boil him in oil and his miraculous survival converted a lot of new Christians – he died aged 94 in Ephesus.
St Thaddeus or St Jude – preacher & Patron Saint of Lost Causes – Attribute is a carpenter’s rule, an image of Christ or a club with which he was beaten before he was beheaded with an axe when he was Martyred with Simon about 65 AD in Beirut,
St Simon – the Zealot – preacher – Attribute a saw – died as a martyr by being sawed in half
St James – the brother of Jesus – often painted in similar clothing to Jesus – Leader of the Christian Church in Jerusalem and difficult to find paintings of . He died in Jerusalem AD 42 having been sentenced to death by stoning .
Now to get back to planning and promotion for activities in Florence for the rest of this year !